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Hello! Project Wiki

Morning Musume Logo (1997-2013)


Morning Musume (モーニング娘。; Morning Girls), currently known as Morning Musume '22 (モーニング娘。'22, read as Morning Musume Two-Two), is the lead group of Hello! Project. The group was formed in 1997 on a talent show called ASAYAN.[1] It quickly became, and currently is, one of Japan's top all-girl groups with a number of hit records and albums.

The group is known for their ever-fluctuating line-up, with "graduations" and auditions held nearly every year. Tsunku was previously responsible for the composition of the majority of their songs and lyrics, production of their CD-sleeve covers, designing of their costumes and make-up and their live shows until late 2014, when he resigned from his position as Hello! Project's general producer.[2] He continues to work with Morning Musume, but only as their sound producer.[3]

Currently, they are one of the most successful Japanese idol girl groups, holding the record for the second highest overall single sales (of a female group) on the Oricon charts as of January 2012,[4] as well as the record for the most top ten singles with 66 titles as of October 2018[5] and the most top ten albums with 18 titles as of March 2019.[6] Morning Musume is also the biggest DVD seller in the female group category in Japan. Their combined CD and DVD sales exceed 23 million copies in Japan alone.

In recent years, the group has been making a concerted attempt to break into new markets in Asia, Europe and the US, performing at expos worldwide.[7]


Main article: Morning Musume/Members

1st Generation (1997)
  • Nakazawa Yuko (中澤裕子) (Graduated: April 15, 2001; Leader 1997.09.08 - 2001.04.15)
  • Ishiguro Aya (石黒彩) (Graduated: January 7, 2000)
  • Iida Kaori (飯田圭織) (Graduated: January 30, 2005; Leader 2001.04.16 - 2005.01.30)
  • Abe Natsumi (安倍なつみ) (Graduated: January 25, 2004)
  • Fukuda Asuka (福田明日香) (Graduated: April 18, 1999)
2nd Generation (1998)
  • Yasuda Kei (保田圭) (Graduated: May 5, 2003)
  • Yaguchi Mari (矢口真里; LightPurple Penlight.png Light Purple) (Resigned: April 14, 2005; Leader 2005.01.31 - 2005.04.14)
  • Ichii Sayaka (市井紗耶香) (Graduated: May 21, 2000)
3rd Generation (1999)
  • Goto Maki (後藤真希) (Graduated: September 23, 2002)
4th Generation (2000)
  • Ishikawa Rika (石川梨華; HotPink Penlight.png Hot Pink) (Graduated: May 7, 2005)
  • Yoshizawa Hitomi (吉澤ひとみ; Purple Penlight.png Purple) (Graduated: May 6, 2007; Leader 2005.04.15 - 2007.05.06)
  • Tsuji Nozomi (辻希美) (Graduated: August 1, 2004)
  • Kago Ai (加護亜依) (Graduated: August 1, 2004)
5th Generation (2001)
  • Takahashi Ai (高橋愛; Yellow Penlight.png Yellow) (Graduated: September 30, 2011; Leader 2007.06.02 - 2011.09.30)
  • Konno Asami (紺野あさ美; Pink Penlight.png Pink) (Graduated: July 23, 2006)
  • Ogawa Makoto (小川麻琴; Blue Penlight.png Blue) (Graduated: August 27, 2006)
  • Niigaki Risa (新垣里沙; YellowGreen Penlight.png Yellow-Green) (Graduated: May 18, 2012; Leader 2011.09.30 - 2012.05.18)
6th Generation (2003)
  • Fujimoto Miki (藤本美貴; Red Penlight.png Red) (Left: June 1, 2007; Leader: 2007.05.07 - 2007.06.01)
  • Kamei Eri (亀井絵里; Orange Penlight.png Orange) (Graduated: December 15, 2010)
  • Michishige Sayumi (道重さゆみ; Pink Penlight.png Pink) (Graduated: November 26, 2014; Leader: 2012.05.19 - 2014.11.26)
  • Tanaka Reina (田中れいな; LightBlue Penlight.png Light Blue) (Graduated: May 21, 2013)
7th Generation (2005)
8th Generation (2006/2007)
  • Mitsui Aika (光井愛佳; LightPurple Penlight.png Light Purple) (Graduated: May 18, 2012)
  • Junjun (ジュンジュン; Blue Penlight.png Blue) (Graduated: December 15, 2010)
  • Linlin (リンリン; EmeraldGreen Penlight.png Emerald Green) (Graduated: December 15, 2010)
9th Generation (2011)
  • Sayashi Riho (鞘師里保; Red Penlight.png Red) (Graduated: December 31, 2015)
  • Suzuki Kanon (鈴木香音; Green Penlight.png Green) (Graduated: May 31, 2016)
10th Generation (2011)
  • Iikubo Haruna (飯窪春菜; Daisy Penlight.png Honey) (Graduated: December 16, 2018)
  • Sato Masaki (佐藤優樹; EmeraldGreen Penlight.png Emerald Green) (Graduated: December 13, 2021)
  • Kudo Haruka (工藤遥; Orange Penlight.png Orange) (Graduated: December 11, 2017)
12th Generation (2014)
  • Ogata Haruna (尾形春水; SeaBlue Penlight.png Sea Blue) (Graduated: June 20, 2018)
14th Generation (2017)


Morning Musume '22, June

Morning Musume '21, December

Morning Musume '21, March

Morning Musume '20, December

Morning Musume '20, January

Morning Musume '19, June

Morning Musume '19, March

Morning Musume '18, October

Morning Musume '18, June

Morning Musume '17, December

Morning Musume '17, October

Morning Musume '17, March

Morning Musume '16, November

Morning Musume '16, May

Morning Musume '15, December

Morning Musume '15, August

Morning Musume '15, April

Morning Musume '14, October

Morning Musume '14, April

Morning Musume '14, January

Morning Musume, September 2013

Morning Musume, August 2013

Morning Musume, April 2013

Morning Musume, January 2013

Morning Musume, September 2012

Morning Musume, April 2012

Morning Musume, September 2011

Morning Musume, March 2011

Morning Musume, November 2010

Morning Musume, March 2010

Morning Musume, October 2009

Morning Musume,March 2009

Morning Musume, September 2008

Morning Musume, April 2008

Morning Musume, July 2007

Morning Musume, February 2007

Morning Musume, June 2006

Morning Musume, July 2005

Morning Musume, July 2004

Morning Musume, July 2003

Morning Musume, July 2002

Morning Musume, July 2001

Morning Musume, May 2000

Morning Musume, July 1999

Morning Musume, September 1998

Morning Musume, November 1997


In April 1997, Japanese producer Tsunku decided to hold an audition for a female rock vocalist for his band Sharam Q through the ASAYAN talent show.[8] At the end of August, Heike Michiyo was declared the winner,[9] but on September 7, he also decided to form an idol group with five of the ten runner-ups: Nakazawa Yuko, Abe Natsumi, Iida Kaori, Fukuda Asuka, and Ishiguro Aya.

Back at the studio, they were told that to be able to debut with Tsunku as their producer, they had to sell 50,000 copies of the demo single "Ai no Tane" with just five days of promotion events.[10][8] A week later, on September 14, the group's name was revealed as Morning Musume.[11]

Morning Musume's campaign to sell 50,000 copies of "Ai no Tane", which was to be done by hand, began on November 3, 1997 in Osaka and was scheduled to take place throughout the month in four other major cities, with the final day on December 7 in Tokyo.[12] They managed to reach the sales goal in just four days on November 30.[13]

On January 28, 1998, they debuted with their first official single, "Morning Coffee".[14] The success of the single, which in its first week it reached #6 on Oricon singles chart,[15] resulted in the decision to hold the Morning Musume Tsuika Audition for new members. Yasuda Kei, Yaguchi Mari, and Ichii Sayaka were announced as the three winners and joined the group as the second generation, bringing the total member count to eight.

On December 31, 1998, Morning Musume received the Best New Artist Award from the 40th Japan Record Awards.[16] They also made their first annual appearance on the New Year's Eve music show Kohaku Uta Gassen as members of the red team.[17]


In March 1999, Morning Musume received a New Artist of the Year Award in The Japan Gold Disc Award 1999.[18][19]

On April 18, 1999, Fukuda Asuka became the first member to leave the group, graduating at the end of the group's first concert tour, the Morning Musume '99 Memory Seishun no Hikari Tour.

In June 1999, Tsunku announced a second audition for a third generation of Morning Musume.[20] Two girls were expected to be admitted,[21] but ultimately only Goto Maki was added.[22]

On September 9, 1999, the group released their seventh single, "LOVE Machine". It became a national hit,[23] ranking as the weekly #1 single on the Oricon charts for three consecutive weeks[24] and selling a reported total of 1,646,630 copies. 

In 2000, "Koi no Dance Site" was released and it hit #2, selling over a million copies—400,000 copies away from reaching the success of "LOVE Machine". Ishiguro Aya left the group before the single was released.

In January 2000, a fourth generation audition began. The winners were Ishikawa Rika, Yoshizawa Hitomi, Tsuji Nozomi, and Kago Ai. After their debut single, "Happy Summer Wedding", Ichii Sayaka graduated to pursue her own music career.


At the end of January, the best selling Hello! Project album to date, at 2,259,510 copies, was released: Best! Morning Musume 1.

At the end of 2001, four new members joined the group as the 5th Generation through the Morning Musume LOVE Audition 21: Takahashi Ai, Konno Asami, Ogawa Makoto, and Niigaki Risa, bringing the roster to 13 girls. Their first single "Mr.Moonlight ~Ai no Big Band~" sold over half a million copies.

In February 2002, "Souda! We're ALIVE", another hit, was released.

Goto Maki's graduated late in the year, her last single with the group was "Do it! Now".

In 2003, the unique child-like tune, "Morning Musume no Hyokkori Hyoutanjima", was released in February as the group's seventeenth single. April brought the notably successful single "AS FOR ONE DAY", a synthesizer-driven song about lost love, which sold 129,893 copies and hit #1 in the Oricon charts. This was Yasuda Kei's last single.

Before the auditions for the sixth generation were held, the group released the album No.5

Four new girls were added as the sixth generation: Fujimoto Miki, Kamei Eri, Michishige Sayumi, and Tanaka Reina. The sixth generation's first single was "Shabondama".

Morning Musume was split into two subgroups so that it could tour more cities. Morning Musume Sakura Gumi included Abe Natsumi, Yaguchi Mari, Yoshizawa Hitomi, Kago Ai, Takahashi Ai, Niigaki Risa, Konno Asami and Kamei Eri. Morning Musume Otome Gumi featured Iida Kaori, Ishikawa Rika, Tsuji Nozomi, Ogawa Makoto, Fujimoto Miki, Michishige Sayumi, and Tanaka Reina.


Auditions for the seventh generation were held in various cities, resulting in six finalists. However, on January 9, 2005, Tsunku surprised everyone by announcing that no one in the Lucky 7 audition would be added to Morning Musume, citing that he had set his expectations extra-high this year in hopes of finding an "ace." This was the first time an audition had ended with no new members.

In November, Morning Musume released "Namida ga Tomaranai Houkago". Following this single, Morning Musume EARLY SINGLE BOX was released.

Their sixth studio album, named Ai no Dai 6kan, hit stores in December. This was Kago Ai, Tsuji Nozomi, Iida Kaori, Yaguchi Mari, and Ishikawa Rika's last credited studio album.


On January 30, Iida Kaori graduated to pursue a solo career, with Yaguchi Mari taking on the leadership role. Yoshizawa Hitomi was made the sub-leader. Iida's last single was "THE Manpower!!".

In February, Tsunku started another audition for Morning Musume's seventh generation. This audition resulted with one new member, Kusumi Koharu.

On April 27, the group's 26th single, "Osaka Koi no Uta," was released. This single was Yaguchi Mari's and Ishikawa Rika's last. 

In July, Morning Musume released "Iroppoi Jirettai," Kusumi Koharu's first single with the group. The single was considered to be the biggest hit of the year—selling around 20,000 more copies than any single they released in the past year.


On January 16, it was announced that Morning Musume had won a Kanagawa Image Up Award in recognition of Hello! Project's support of an anti-pollution campaign.

On April 28, it was announced by Tsunku, from his official website, that fifth generation members Konno Asami and Ogawa Makoto would be graduating. Their last single was "Ambitious! Yashinteki de Ii Jan".

Tsunku also announced the audition for the eighth generation, called Morning Musume Happy 8ki Audition. On December 10's Hello! Morning, it was announced that the newest member was Mitsui Aika.

The last single release of the year was "Aruiteru," which was a huge hit. It was the first single that hit the #1 spot in 3 and a half years. Their first mini-album, 7.5 Fuyu Fuyu Morning Musume Mini!, was released in December. 


In February, the first single with eighth generation member Mitsui Aika was released, "Egao YES Nude".

On March 15, Tsunku announced that two other eighth generation members would be joining the group: Li Chun and Qian Lin, both Chinese nationals, were to join as "exchange students." Tsunku stated that the two new members would be an important key for their group's planned expansion into Asia and gave them the stage names of "Junjun" and "Linlin" respectively. 

With the success of Yoshizawa Hitomi and Fujimoto Miki's last single "Kanashimi Twilight", on May 1, Morning Musume became the "best single selling female group in Japan" with 11,085,000 copies sold—their fifth Oricon record. The achievement surpasses the previous record set by Pink Lady of 11,037,000 copies sold.


2008 was the first year in which there were no changes in Morning Musume's line-up.

Morning Musume released their 39th single, "Shouganai Yume Oibito", on May 13, attaining the #1 position on Oricon's weekly chart, the first time since their single "Aruiteru" in 2006.

In late September 2009, "Nanchatte Ren'ai" became Morning Musume's highest selling single since "Iroppoi Jirettai", which was released in 2005. With good sales from "Nanchatte Ren'ai", Morning Musume released their 41st single, "Kimagure Princess", on October 28. It was Kusumi Koharu's last single. Her graduation marked the end of Morning Musume's longest lasting line-up.

In August 2010, an audition for ninth generation members began. This was the group's first audition in four years, since the 8th generation audition in 2006.

In 2010, their 44th single, "Onna to Otoko no Lullaby Game", was released on November 17. This was the last single to feature Kamei Eri, Junjun and Linlin.

On December 15, 2010, the graduation of Kamei Eri, Junjun, and Linlin was held. It was the biggest graduation in Morning Musume's history. With this the group was reduced to 5 members, the smallest line-up since 1998.


On January 2, four 9th generation members were revealed to be Fukumura Mizuki, Ikuta Erina, Sayashi Riho and Suzuki Kanon at the Hello! Project 2011 Winter ~Kangei Shinsen Matsuri~ A gana Live concert.[25][26] The ninth generation's debut single was "Maji Desu ka Ska!". The single was going to be released on March 23, but due to the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, it was released on April 6.

On January 9, an announcement was made that leader Takahashi Ai would be graduating from Morning Musume and Hello! Project at the end of the group's fall 2011 concert tour on September 30. 

In June, Morning Musume released their 46th single "Only you".

On August 26, 5th generation members Takahashi Ai and Niigaki Risa celebrated 10 years in the group, becoming the first two members to reach this milestone.

Morning Musume released their 47th single, "Kono Chikyuu no Heiwa wo Honki de Negatterun da yo!", and Takahashi's last, on September 14.

On September 29, the 10th generation members and winners of the Morning Musume 10ki Member "Genki Jirushi" Audition were announced as Iikubo Haruna, Ishida Ayumi, Sato Masaki, and Kudo Haruka.[27] 

Once Takahashi Ai graduated, she passed on the leadership role of both Morning Musume and Hello! Project to Niigaki Risa, the only remaining 5th generation member.


At the beginning of the year, leader and 5th generation member Niigaki Risa announced she would be graduating from Morning Musume and Hello! Project in May.

On January 5, Morning Musume lost the record of having the highest overall single sales (of a female group) on the Oricon charts to AKB48. They were then currently tied with the most number one singles.

On January 25, the 10th generation's debut single "Pyocopyoco Ultra" was released. It became their lowest selling single, selling only 34,050 copies.

On April 11, "Ren'ai Hunter" was released.

On May 4, it was announced that 8th generation member Mitsui Aika would be graduating from Morning Musume alongside Niigaki Risa on May 18, the last day of their spring concert tour, at the Nippon Budokan. Mitsui's reason for graduating was due to the possibility of a stress fracture in her left ankle from the prior year reoccurring if she continued with her activities in Morning Musume.

At Niigaki and Mitsui's graduation concert, Michishige Sayumi was announced as Morning Musume's eighth leader, succeeding Niigaki Risa. The same day, the Morning Musume 11ki Member "Suppin Utahime" Audition were set to begin.[28][29]

On May 26, Morning Musume was one of the special artists to perform at Girls Award 2012 Spring/Summer collection ~All you need is LOVE~ event at Yoyogi Stadium along side names as ICONIQ, Kato Miliyah and Korean Pop Group Wonder Girls.[30]

On August 8, Morning Musume's 50th single, "One•Two•Three / The Matenrou Show", became Morning Musume's best selling single since "Go Girl ~Koi no Victory~" in 2003. It was also the first single since "Ai Araba IT'S ALL RIGHT" to sell over 100,000 copies.

On September 14, during Morning Musume Tanjou 15 Shuunen Kinen Concert Tour 2012 Aki ~Colorful Character~ rehearsal, it was revealed that Hello Pro Kenshuusei member Oda Sakura was the sole winner of the 11th generation audition. 


On January 19, both Michishige Sayumi and Tanaka Reina celebrated 10 full years as members of Morning Musume.

On January 30, Morning Musume's single "Help me!!" became the first Hello! Project single to reach #1 on Oricon's weekly singles chart since "Shouganai Yume Oibito", which was released in 2009. "Help me!!" also had the best first day sales since 2003.

On March 16, the Morning Musume 12ki Member "Mirai Shoujo" Audition were announced. The application deadline was April 30. It was later announced that no one passed the audition. However, all finalists from the audition were offered positions in Hello Pro Kenshuusei.

On April 23, "Brainstorming / Kimi Sae Ireba Nani mo Iranai" ranked #1 on Oricon's weekly singles chart and became Morning Musume's second consecutive weekly #1, which was previously achieved with "Mr.Moonlight ~Ai no Big Band~" in 2001. The single also became the first since "Aruiteru" to have every day of the first week ranked at #1.

On May 21, the day of Tanaka Reina's graduation, Fukumura Mizuki and Iikubo Haruna were appointed sub-leaders of Morning Musume.[31]

On September 12, "Wagamama Ki no Mama Ai no Joke / Ai no Gundan", ranked #1 on the first week of sales. It was the highest selling Hello! Project single of 2013. And it became Morning Musume's highest selling single since "Koko ni Iruzee!", which was released in 2002.

On October 30, Morning Musume was appointed as Nippon! Call Project Ambassadors by the Japanese Olympic Committee to support Team Japan at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.[32] Tsunku would also be producing a special cheer song.


On January 1, Morning Musume began the new year with their new group name, Morning Musume '14.[33]

On January 21, Tsunku announced at a press event held by au, a mobile phone company, that Morning Musume '14 would be starring in a commercial campaign with comedians Morisanchuu, forming a special unit called Morimusu.

On January 29, Morning Musume '14 released their 55th single "Egao no Kimi wa Taiyou sa / Kimi no Kawari wa Iyashinai / What is LOVE?".[33] "Kimi no Kawari wa Iyashinai" was the official cheer song for Team Japan at the 2014 Sochi Olympics, and "What is LOVE?" was an ending theme for J-MELO.[34] The single peaked at #1 on the Oricon charts, becoming their fourth #1 single in a row which is the longest streak of number ones in the group's history.

On March 15, the 12th generation auditions were re-held as the Morning Musume '14 <Golden> Audition!.

On March 30, NHK BS Premium aired a four-hour special on Morning Musume's history and their past 55 singles.

On April 16, Morning Musume '14 released their 56th single "Toki wo Koe Sora wo Koe / Password is 0", which also peaked at #1 on the Oricon weekly chart.

On April 29, during the Morning Musume '14 Concert Tour Haru ~Evolution~ concert held in Yamaguchi, Michishige Sayumi announced her graduation at the end of their fall concert tour.[35][36][37][38][39][40] On August 16, it was announced that the last date of the tour would take place on November 26 at Yokohama Arena.[41]

On May 29, a second in-group unit, Zenryoku Yasai Musume, was formed to promote KAGOME vegetable juice.

The 12th generation members were officially revealed on September 30 to be Ogata Haruna, Nonaka Miki, Makino Maria, and Haga Akane. This became Morning Musume's largest line-up since 2004.

On October 15, Morning Musume '14 released their 57th single "TIKI BUN / Shabadaba Doo~ / Mikaeri Bijin". Their 14th studio album 14shou ~The message~ was later released on October 29. Both were the last to feature Michishige Sayumi, as well as the last to feature a 6th generation member.[41]

On November 14, Morning Musume ’14 announced that they would be holding an audition for a music video director for one of their future songs. The results of the audition were announced on December 29 on the audition program BIG CHANCE, one of Fuji TV’s end of the year specials. To enter the audition, one had to submit a three minute video. The audition was open to any nationality, and both amateurs and professionals were welcome to apply.[42] Director Shibue Shuhei won the public vote with his CGI animated music video.

On November 26, Michishige Sayumi graduated, officially appointing Fukumura Mizuki as the ninth leader of Morning Musume, and Ikuta Erina as a new sub-leader alongside Iikubo Haruna.


On January 1, Morning Musume '14 changed their name to Morning Musume '15.

On February 9, it was announced that Morning Musume '15 would be releasing a song for the upcoming Pretty Cure movie, in which Iikubo Haruna, Ishida Ayumi, and Oda Sakura would be providing their voices to 3 spirits whose artwork they designed themselves.

On April 15, Morning Musume '15's 58th single and the 12th generation's debut single "Seishun Kozou ga Naiteiru / Yuugure wa Ameagari / Ima Koko Kara" was released. Shibue Shuhei, who won the BIG CHANCE music video contest, directed another version of the "Seishun Kozou ga Naiteiru" music video that was only released on YouTube. "Ima Koko Kara" was also the theme song for PreCure All Stars: Haru no Carnival, which Morning Musume '15 are featured in the closing credits.

On June 24, Morning Musume '15 performed at the TV Tokyo Music Festival(2). In addition, it was also announced that original members of Morning Musume would gathered together for a 4-song medley.[43]

On August 19, Morning Musume '15 released their 59th single, "Oh my wish! / Sukatto My Heart / Imasugu Tobikomu Yuuki".

On October 29, 9th generation memeber Sayashi Riho announced that she would graduate from Morning Musume '15 on December 31 at the end of the first part of the Hello! Project COUNTDOWN PARTY 2015 ~GOOD BYE & HELLO!~ at Nakano Sun Plaza.[44]

On December 16, Morning Musume '15 appeared in Fuji TV's 2015 FNS Kayousai THE LIVE.[45] They performed in a large idol collaboration medley with ℃-ute, ANGERME, and non-Hello! Project groups such as AKB48, Nogizaka46, and Momoiro Clover Z.[46]

On December 29, Morning Musume '15 released their 60th single and Sayashi's last, "Tsumetai Kaze to Kataomoi / ENDLESS SKY / One and Only". "One and Only", which is Morning Musume's first song completely in English, was used as the opening theme for J-MELO.[47] The single reached weekly #1 on the Oricon weekly charts.


On January 1, Morning Musume '15 changed their name to Morning Musume '16.

On January 2, during the Hello! Project 2016 WINTER ~DANCING! SINGING! EXCITING!~ concert, the Morning Musume '16 Shinseiki Audition for 13th generation members was announced.[48]

On February 7, 9th generation member Suzuki Kanon announced she would graduate from Morning Musume '16 and Hello! Project at the end of the Morning Musume '16 Concert Tour Haru ~EMOTION IN MOTION~.[49][50]

On May 11, Morning Musume '16 released "Utakata Saturday Night! / The Vision / Tokyo to Iu Katasumi", their 61st single and Suzuki Kanon's last.

On May 31, Suzuki graduated at Nippon Budokan.[51] On the same day, it was announced on the Morning Musume '16 Shinseiki Audition website that no suitable candidates could be found, but the audition would start again on June 15.

Throughout the summer, Morning Musume '16 appeared in several live TV music festivals. They were invited to perform in the TV Tokyo Music Festival(3) on June 29,[52] NTV's THE MUSIC DAY Natsu no Hajimari on July 2,[53] TBS TV's Ongaki no Hi x CDTV Asamade Natsu Fes! 2016 on July 16,[54] and Fuji TV's 2016 FNS Uta no Natsu Matsuri on July 18 with ℃-ute and ANGERME.[55]

On November 23, Morning Musume '16 released their 62nd single, "Sexy Cat no Enzetsu / Mukidashi de Mukiatte / Sou ja nai".

On December 12 during the Morning Musume '16 Concert Tour Aki ~MY VISION~ finale at Nippon Budokan, the winners of the second Morning Musume '16 Shinseiki Audition and 13th generation members were announced as Hello Pro Kenshuusei members Kaga Kaede and Yokoyama Reina.[56][57][58]

Morning Musume '16 appeared during the second night of Fuji TV's 2016 FNS Kayousai on December 14, performing in an idol shuffle medley with other idol groups including ℃-ute.[59][60]

On December 31, the group performed on TV for the first time as the Morning Musume '17 line-up during the CDTV Special! Toshikoshi Premier Live 2016→2017.[61] The performance was pre-recorded on December 30, which Sato Masaki was unable to participate due to a lower back injury.[62]


On January 1, Morning Musume '16 changed their name to Morning Musume '17.

In January, it was announced that Morning Musume '17 would collaborate with marukome by singing a remake of "Morning Coffee" titled "Morning Misoshiru" to promote the company's new miso soup product of the same name.[63] Morning Musume '17 also formed the collaborative unit Sashining Musume with HKT48 member Sashihara Rino for the song "Get you!", which was released in Type A of AKB48's 8th album Thumbnail on January 25.[64][65][66] Both songs were later included as B-sides in Morning Musume '17's 63rd single.

On February 21, it was announced Morning Musume '17 would air a one-off show on TV Tokyo called Tokugi☆Saikenshou Momusu DE Gozaru! on March 8.[67] The program showed off and verified each members' special skill listed on their official profile.

On March 8, Morning Musume '17 released their 63rd single "BRAND NEW MORNING / Jealousy Jealousy". The A-sides did not include Sato Masaki, who was still recovering from her injury during the production period.[68]

On March 12, Morning Musume '17 performed in the SKY PerfecTV! Ongakusai 2017.[69]

On March 25, it was announced that Morning Musume '17 and ANGERME would be featured in a Idol Nama Gassen web service game by Asobista, titled Hello! Project Hina Fest Idol Nama Gassen Kunitori Tenka Touitsu Hen. The "live battle" event was held on April 16.[70] A second event only featuring Morning Musume '17, titled Idol Nama Gassen Kunitori Tenka Touitsu Hen ~2017 Natsu no Jin~, took place throughout July and August.[71]

On April 10, Morning Musume '17 was appointed the official Ouen Taishi, or Cheer Ambassadors, of the "Ceka Paka PLAY DREAM CAMPAIGN" for the Nihon Seimei Ce-Pa Koryusen (the Nippon Professional Baseball interleague) that would begin on May 30.[72][73] Fukumura Mizuki was the leader of the whole campaign while the other 12 members each supported one of the 12 teams and had their own dance movie that was shown at their team's home stadium.

On April 28, 10th generation member Kudo Haruka announced she would graduate from Morning Musume '17 and Hello! Project at the end of their fall 2017 tour.[74][75]

On June 26, it was announced in a special episode of Hello! Project Station that Morito Chisaki had joined the group as a new 14th generation member and concurrent member from Country Girls.[76][77] She will begin activities with the group in the Hello! Project 2017 SUMMER concert tour and in their upcoming fall tour.[78][79]

Morning Musume '17 performed in the TV Tokyo Ongakusai 2017 on June 28[80] and Nippon TV's THE MUSIC DAY Negai ga Kanau Natsu on July 1.[81]

As part of their collaboration with marukome, Morning Musume '17 began airing a weekly 5-minute radio program titled marukome Morning Misoshiru Koeru yo! on July 1 across 38 stations.[82]

On July 15, Morning Musume '17 appeared with new member Morito Chisaki on TBS's Ongaku no Hi 2017 in two pre-recorded performances. Their first performance was solo, and the second was as a special Hello! Project unit with a selection of members from ANGERME, Kobushi Factory, and Tsubaki Factory.[83][84]

On October 4, they released Morito Chisaki's debut single and Kudo Haruka's last, titled "Jama Shinai de Here We Go! / Dokyuu no Go Sign / Wakain da shi!".

On November 3, a remake of Morning Musume's demo single, titled "Ai no Tane (20th Anniversary Ver.)", was digitally released exactly 20 years after the original. The remake is sung by the original five members and Morning Musume '17 as a special anniversary unit named Morning Musume 20th.[85]

As part of their 20th anniversary celebrations, Morning Musume '17 opened a limited time café named "20 Nenme no Morning Coffee ~Morning Musume 20th ANNIVERSARY CAFE~" at AREA-Q in Harajuku, Tokyo from November 3 to December 10.[86][87] In addition, the group will collaborate with HMV&BOOKS SHIBUYA to open the "Morning Musume museum -Morning Musume Tanjou 20 Shuunen Kinen-" on the store's 6th floor from November 24 to December 24.[88] The museum will later open at HMV Sakae in Aichi, Nagoya on December 30 through to January 28, 2018.[89]

Morning Musume '17 performed "Jealousy Jealousy" solo and "LOVE Machine" with Johnny's boy band Sexy Zone at NTV's BEST ARTIST 2017 on November 28.[90][91]

On November 30, Morning Musume '17 released the digital single "Gosenfu no Tasuki" in honor of their anniversary.[92]

On December 6, they released their 15th original album, titled ⑮ Thank you, too.

On December 10, they were the surprise guests at the Dai 7kai AKB48 Kouhaku Taikou Utagassen and performed "One・Two・Three". HKT48's Sashihara Rino then joined them on stage for "Utakata Saturday Night!" and their Sashining Musume song "Get you!".[93][94]

On December 11, Kudo Haruka graduated at Nippon Budokan.[95]

For the second night of Fuji TV's 2017 FNS Kayousai on December 13, Morning Musume '17 performed "Jealousy Jealousy" and a collaboration with Kato Hifumi, a retired pro shogi player nicknamed "Hifumin" who has been a popular guest on variety shows.[96][97] The five original members also performed "Ai no Tane (20th Anniversary Ver.)" live together for the first time in 18 years.[98]


On January 1, Morning Musume '17 became Morning Musume '18.

On January 28, Morning Musume '18 released the digital single "Hana ga Saku Taiyou Abite".

From February 3 to March 4, the "Morning Musume museum -Morning Musume Tanjou 20 Shuunen Kinen-" was open at HMV&BOOKS HAKATA‏ in Fukuoka.[99] Afterwards, it was open from March 11 to April 15 at HMV Sendai in Miyagi.[100]

On February 12, TV Tokyo aired the Morning Musume 20 Shuunen Kinen Special starring 25 current and former members of Morning Musume: all thirteen Morning Musume '18 members and OG members Nakazawa Yuko, Iida Kaori, Ishiguro Aya, Abe Natsumi, Fukuda Asuka, Yaguchi Mari, Ishikawa Rika, Yoshizawa Hitomi, Tsuji Nozomi, Takahashi Ai, Niigaki Risa, and Michishige Sayumi. The show included a talk corner about group history, a look back at Hello! Morning, and several studio performances.[101]

On March 14, the group attended a press conference to announce a collaboration between au and Hello! Project titled "Oto no VR", which will deliver 360° video and audio content for smartphones, starting with a video of Morning Musume '18 singing "I WISH".[102][103] That following evening, Morning Musume '18 performed in the second part of the SKY PerfecTV! Ongakusai 2018 alongside Tsubaki Factory.[104]

On March 27, it was announced that 12th generation member Ogata Haruna would graduate from Morning Musume '18 and Hello! Project at the end of their spring tour.[105]

On June 13, Morning Musume '18 released their 65th single and Ogata Haruna's last, "Are you Happy? / A gonna".

On June 20, Ogata graduated at Nippon Budokan.[106]

On June 27, Morning Musume '18 performed "Are you Happy?" and a group of eight Morning Musume OG members performed a special medley in the TV Tokyo Music Festival 2018.[107][108] Morning Musume '18 also performed in TBS's Ongaku no Hi 2018 on July 14[109] and the 2018 FNS Uta no Natsu Matsuri on July 25.[110]

On August 12, they performed at rockin'on presents ROCK IN JAPAN FES.2018 on the Lake Stage.[111]

On August 17, 10th generation member and sub-leader Iikubo Haruna announced her graduation from Morning Musume '18 and Hello! Project at the end of the Morning Musume '18 Concert Tour Aki ~GET SET, GO!~.[112][113]

On September 14, they announced a collaboration with Caribadix, an anime short series produced by Sanrio and rockin'on about a group of animals who form a rock band. Morning Musume '18 would become cheer characters named "Gaokkii" who appear in each of the 12 members' colors with their symbolic motif. The characters are featured in goods sold at the Morning Musume '18 Concert Tour Aki ~GET SET, GO!~ and also in stores.[114][115][116]

On October 24, Morning Musume '18 released their 66th single and Iikubo's last, "Furari Ginza / Jiyuu na Kuni Dakara".[117]

On December 12, they performed on the second night of Fuji TV's 2018 FNS Kayousai.[118]

On December 16, Iikubo Haruna graduated from the group and Hello! Project.[119][120]

They were invited to performed in the year-end music show MelodiX! Special 2018 on December 27 which was co-hosted by former 3rd generation member Goto Maki,[121] as well as the CDTV Special! Toshikoshi Premier Live 2018→2019 on December 31.[122]

During the Hello! Project 20th Anniversary!! Hello! Project COUNTDOWN PARTY 2018 ~GOOD BYE & HELLO!~ on December 31, 10th generation member Ishida Ayumi was appointed as a new sub-leader of the group.[123]


On January 1, Morning Musume '18 became Morning Musume '19.

During the opening concert of the Hello! Project 20th Anniversary!! Hello! Project 2019 WINTER tour on January 2, the Morning Musume '19 LOVE Audition in search of 15th generation member(s) to join the group was announced.[124][125][126]

On March 20, they released the compilation album Best! Morning Musume 20th Anniversary.

On June 12, the group released their 67th single "Jinsei Blues / Seishun Night".

On June 22, the 15th generation were announced in a YouTube live stream on Morning Musume's official channel at 5:00 PM JST.[127] The winners of the Morning Musume '19 LOVE Audition were Okamura Homare and Kitagawa Rio, while a third member, Yamazaki Mei, was selected from Hello Pro Kenshuusei Hokkaido.[128][129] They were introduced on stage during the Hello! Project 2019 SUMMER concert tour from July 13 and would begin performing with the group in the Morning Musume '19 Concert Tour Aki.[130]

Morning Musume '19 appeared on the TV Tokyo Ongakusai 2019 on June 26,[131][132] and they also appeared in TBS's Ongaku no Hi 2019 on July 13.[133][134]

On August 10, Morning Musume '19 performed at rockin'on presents ROCK IN JAPAN FESTIVAL 2019 on the GRASS STAGE.[135][136] With a capacity of over 60,000 people, this was their largest audience to date.[137][138]

On September 12, they performed in the NHK WORLD-JAPAN presents SONGS OF TOKYO Festival 2019.[139]

On October 13, they performed in the tv asahi DREAM FESTIVAL 2019.[140][141]


On January 1, Morning Musume '19 became Morning Musume '20.

On January 22, they released their 68th single, "KOKORO&KARADA / LOVEpedia / Ningen Kankei No way way".

On February 19, they appeared as guests at choreographer YOSHIKO's event YOSHIKO-sensei Hello Pro Furitsuke 20shuunen Kinen team445 Dummy Fes. ~"Kiiroi Osora de BOOM BOOM BOOM" kara 20nen☆Furitsuke Zen 494 Kyoku kara Episode Digest~ at Zepp DiverCity in Tokyo.[142][143]

On May 27, they participated in WebTVAsia's ONE LOVE ASIA CONCERT, which was a remote concert featuring some of the biggest stars across key Asian countries. It was live-streamed through YouTube in the midst of the #stayhome and #withme movements to raise funds for UNICEF Asia in support of families affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Morning Musume '20 was one of the few acts representing Japan alongside EXILE AKIRA and AKB48 and their sister groups.[144]

On December 16, they released their 69th single, "Junjou Evidence / Gyuusaretai Dake na no ni".


On January 1, Morning Musume '20 became Morning Musume '21.

On March 31, they released their 16th studio album 16th ~That's J-POP~.

On June 21, a CM for AVIOT wireless earbuds featuring Morning Musume '21 singing the song "Ren'ai Revolution 21 (updated)" was released.[145]

On September 24, it was announced that 10th generation member Sato Masaki would be graduating from the group and Hello! Project on December 13 at Nippon Budokan due to health reasons. She is set to continue her activities in the show business as a soloist after graduation.[146]

On December 1, their TikTok Channel opened. [147]

On December 8, they released their 70th single, Teenage Solution / Yoshi Yoshi Shite Hoshii no / Beat no Wakusei, which was also Sato's last single.[148]


On January 1, Morning Musume '21 became Morning Musume '22.

On January 2, it was announced at the Hello! Project 2022 Winter ~LOVE & PEACE~ and the official Hello! Project website that Morning Musume '22 and Juice=Juice would be holding a joint new member audition titled Hello! Project "Morning Musume '22" "Juice=Juice" Goudou Shin Member Audition. The audition opened to applicants on January 2, and the application period would end on February 9. An audition website was also opened in the same day with more details.[149]

On February 28, it was announced that Morito Chisaki is set to graduate from Morning Musume and Hello! Project on June 20 at the final concert of the Morning Musume '22 CONCERT TOUR ~Never Been Better!~ at Nippon Budokan.[150]

On May 1, Morning Musume '22 performed at JAPAN JAM 2022.[151]

On June 8, Morning Musume '22 released their 71st single, "Chu Chu Chu Bokura no Mirai / Dai・Jinsei Never Been Better!".[152]

On June 29, it was announced through Hello! Project Station that Hello! Project "Morning Musume '22" "Juice=Juice" Goudou Shin Member Audition winner Sakurai Rio has joined the group as a sole 16th generation member.[153]

Group Name Origin[]

The name "Morning Musume" comes from various notions such as abundance, multitude, like the breakfast set you can receive with many elements on it.

When creating the name for the group, other names Tsunku considered included:[11]

  • 87 - the sum of the original members' ages.
  • Todoufu (都道府) - from the last kanji of the original members' home prefectures (Tokyo [東京都], Hokkaido [北海道], and Kyoto [京都府]).
  • Takoyaki Sisters (たこ焼きシスターズ)
  • Tabehoudai (食べ放題) - meaning "all-you-can-eat buffet"
  • Viking (バイキング) - another word for "buffet"
  • Morning (モーニング)
  • Morning Service (モーニングサービス)

The "。" (called a 句点, kuten) originated from ASAYAN's custom of adding periods to the end of on-screen text. Ninety-nine's Okamura Takashi, who hosted the show, asked staff if the period after the name was necessary. However, his comedy partner, Yabe Hiroyuki, gave his own opinion that the name did need it. Thus the "。" stayed as an official part of Morning Musume's name. When asked if the J-pop scene would have been a little different without "。" in the name, Tsunku answered, "It would have changed a whole lot."[154] This is evident by its usage becoming a hot topic and a fad in the 1990s after Morning Musume was formed.[155]

Since their expansion into the Chinese market in 2007, the group officially adopted the name Zǎo Ān Shàonǚ Zǔ in pinyin (早安少女組。; Good Morning Girl Group).[156] In regards to media and tabloids they are sometimes known as Momusu (モー娘。).

Life in the Group[]

The audition process has been described by Takahashi Ai as involving a training camp of three days and two nights, in which participants were expected to learn a new song, a dance routine and a script.[8] Out of 25,000 applicants, nine were selected for the camp in which Takahashi passed.

The girls are afforded three holidays a year of five days each, in winter, summer and for New Year's.[8]

The group always contains a leader and sub-leader, though neither comes with any real responsibility. Takahashi Ai has said that the role merely includes encouraging other to do their best, while Niigaki Risa has said that as sub-leader, "there is nothing I have to do, but I want to support [the leader]."[8]

The girls tend to spend their social time together, as well as their work time, and have said that they are encouraged to discuss problems if any in-fighting occurs.

The group was a rare case in which the producer, Tsunku, controlled all aspects of the group rather than the manager. According to the management, Tsunku was responsible for producing the songs, concepts, costumes, makeup, live shows, CD-sleeve designs and more. As of late 2014, he is only only in charge of their sound[3] after stepping down as the general producer of Hello! Project including the overall production of Morning Musume.[2]

The first chief manager of the group, and the only manager publicly known to fans, was Wada Kaoru who was Sharam Q's manager prior to becoming in charge of Morning Musume from their formation up to the 4th generation members joining.[157][158][159]

Line distribution for live performances, such as when a current member inherits lines from a graduated member, and new recordings are decided by management by listening to all the group members' voices and choosing one that suits it best.[160]

Activities Outside Japan[]

In addition to already having official fanclubs in Hong Kong, South Korea, and Hawaii, Hello! Project and Morning Musume began actively extending its fan base outside of Japan and primarily into the rest of Asia starting from the middle of 2007 and into 2008.

In March 2007, Morning Musume inducted its first two non-Japanese members from China, Li Chun (Junjun) of Hunan and Qian Lin (Linlin) of Hangzhou. The duo left in 2010 after the group failed to break into China due to piracy levels, leading to the group focusing on European and American fans and performing at anime conventions.[8]

In addition to the unveiling of Hello! Project's Taiwanese website in 2007, Hello! Project also launched the Taiwan H.P. New Star Audition as well. The audition aimed at recruiting new members to join Hello! Project as Hello Pro Egg members. At this audition, Morning Musume also performed as well.

The TV show Morning Musume New Star aired on Taiwan's TTV network every Saturday and Sunday at 6:30 pm with re-runs Monday to Thursday at 10:15 pm. It ended in mid-August 2008 for re-runs.

On May 24, 2008, Morning Musume held their first concert overseas in Taipei, Taiwan.[161] This was followed by two concerts in Seoul, Korea on June 1,[162] and a concert in Shanghai, China on June 28 as an Expo 2010 pre-event.[163]

In France, Morning Musume music videos are aired on a television channel called Nolife, a channel that features video games and Japanese music.

On February 12, 2009, it was announced that Morning Musume would be attending and performing in the United States at Anime Expo, the nation's largest anime convention, during its 2009 convention, as one of the first official guests of honor.[7] It was also announced that "3, 2, 1 BREAKIN'OUT!", the coupling track of their upcoming single "Shouganai Yume Oibito", would be the official theme song for Anime Expo 2009. The convention was held at the Los Angeles Convention Center in Los Angeles, California on July 2 to July 5. Their concert was held on Friday, July 3, with a packed audience of American fans, as well as many foreign fans who traveled to AX for a chance to see them.

In March 2009, all Morning Musume singles and albums, past and present, became available through JapanFiles.com via digital MP3 format in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Their music has since become available on iTunes in most regions.

Morning Musume attended Japan Expo 2010 in Paris, France as guests of honor from July 1 to July 4, 2010.[164] "Tomo", the coupling track to the group's 43rd single, "Seishun Collection", was the event's theme song. They performed a concert on July 2.

In October 2012, Morning Musume members Michishige Sayumi, Tanaka Reina, Fukumura Mizuki, Iikubo Haruna, and Ishida Ayumi held handshake events for Hello! Project's 15th anniversary in Taipei, Taiwan; Bangkok, Thailand; and Paris, France.[165]

On October 5, 2014, Morning Musume '14 performed a concert in New York City in front of 2,000 fans at the Best Buy Theater.

From February 26 to February 28, 2016, Morning Musume '16 were main guests at Anime Matsuri in Houston, Texas to celebrate the convention's 10th anniversary, which took place at the George R. Brown Convention Center.[166] On Friday, February 26, the group appeared in the opening ceremony and held a Q&A session afterwards. Their concert was held on Saturday, February 27, which they performed a total of 16 songs in front of 6,000 people.[167] Former member Mitsui Aika, who had studied English abroad after her graduation, accompanied the group on the trip and was the concert MC.

On October 5, 2016, Morning Musume '16 attended a fan meeting in Seoul, South Korea.[168] Then on October 6, they performed in the MU:CON LIVE AMN Big Concert at DMC Festival 2016, which took place in the Sangam Culture Plaza.[169][170][171]

On October 15, 2016, Morning Musume '16 performed "Utakata Saturday Night!" on TVBS's Quan Qiu Zhong Wen Yin Yue Bang Shang Bang (全球中文音樂榜上榜; Global Chinese Music Live), a live Taiwanese music program.[172][173] The next day on October 16, the group held a live concert in Taipei.[174] Two months before on August 16, members Fukumura Mizuki, Kudo Haruka, and Ogata Haruna visited Taipei for a press event outside of the Red House Theater to promote the concert.[175]

On March 10, 2017, Ishida Ayumi, Oda Sakura, Nonaka Miki, Kaga Kaede, and Yokoyama Reina visited Taipei, Taiwan for a handshake event.[176][177]

On March 12 and 19, 2017, Morning Musume '17 appeared in the Taiwanese show Riben Tian Nan Di Bei You (日本天南地北遊; Traveling All Over Japan).[178] The group members split into pairs and gave tours to Taiwanese celebrities around Kyushu in the first episode, and Hokkaido and Okinawa in the second episode.[179][180][181]

On June 25, 2017, Morning Musume '17 held their first concert in Hong Kong.[182]

On November 10, 2018, Morning Musume '18 held their first concert in Mexico.[183] A week later, on November 17, they performed in the Anisong World Matsuri at Anime NYC 2018 in New York City,[184] which included a panel and autograph signing session the day before.[185][186] To promote these two overseas appearances, a YouTube live stream was held on October 5 JST with the members answering fans' questions.[187][188][189]

In June 2019, Morning Musume '19 held fan meetings in Hong Kong on June 8 and in Taipei on June 9, which included mini live performances.[190][191]

In mid-June 2020, Morning Musume '20 was set to hold an overseas travel tour in Vladivostok, Russia as part of the Japan-Russia Regional Cultural Exchange 2020-2021.[192] On April 21, it was announced that all June concerts and events were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[193]


Main article: Morning Musume/Discography

Studio Albums
  1. [1998.07.08] First Time
  2. [1999.07.28] Second Morning
  3. [2000.03.23] 3rd -LOVE Paradise-
  4. [2002.03.27] 4th "Ikimasshoi!"
  5. [2003.03.26] No.5
  6. [2004.12.08] Ai no Dai 6kan
  7. [2006.02.15] Rainbow 7
  8. [2007.03.21] SEXY 8 BEAT
  9. [2009.03.18] Platinum 9 DISC
  10. [2010.03.17] ⑩ MY ME
  11. [2010.12.01] Fantasy! Juuichi
  12. [2011.10.12] 12, Smart
  13. [2012.09.12] ⑬ Colorful Character
  14. [2014.10.29] 14shou ~The message~
  15. [2017.12.06] ⑮ Thank you, too
  16. [2021.03.31] 16th ~That's J-POP~
Cover Albums
Mini Albums
Best Albums
Soundtrack Albums
Other Albums

Major Singles
  1. [1998.01.28] Morning Coffee
  2. [1998.05.27] Summer Night Town
  3. [1998.09.09] Daite HOLD ON ME!
  4. [1999.02.10] Memory Seishun no Hikari
  5. [1999.05.12] Manatsu no Kousen
  6. [1999.07.14] Furusato
  7. [1999.09.09] LOVE Machine
  8. [2000.01.26] Koi no Dance Site
  9. [2000.05.17] Happy Summer Wedding
  10. [2000.09.06] I WISH
  11. [2000.12.13] Ren'ai Revolution 21
  12. [2001.07.25] The☆Peace!
  13. [2001.10.31] Mr.Moonlight ~Ai no Big Band~
  14. [2002.02.20] Souda! We're ALIVE
  15. [2002.07.24] Do it! Now
  16. [2002.10.30] Koko ni Iruzee!
  17. [2003.02.19] Morning Musume no Hyokkori Hyoutanjima
  18. [2003.04.23] AS FOR ONE DAY
  19. [2003.07.30] Shabondama
  20. [2003.11.06] Go Girl ~Koi no Victory~
  21. [2004.01.21] Ai Araba IT'S ALL RIGHT
  22. [2004.05.12] Roman ~MY DEAR BOY~
  23. [2004.07.22] Joshi Kashimashi Monogatari
  24. [2004.11.03] Namida ga Tomaranai Houkago
  25. [2005.01.19] THE Manpower!!
  26. [2005.04.27] Osaka Koi no Uta
  27. [2005.07.27] Iroppoi Jirettai
  28. [2005.11.09] Chokkan 2 ~Nogashita Sakana wa Ookiizo!~
  29. [2006.03.15] SEXY BOY ~Soyokaze ni Yorisotte~
  30. [2006.06.21] Ambitious! Yashinteki de Ii jan
  31. [2006.11.08] Aruiteru
  32. [2007.02.14] Egao YES Nude
  33. [2007.04.25] Kanashimi Twilight
  34. [2007.07.25] Onna ni Sachi Are
  35. [2007.11.21] Mikan
  36. [2008.04.16] Resonant Blue
  37. [2008.09.24] Pepper Keibu
  38. [2009.02.18] Naichau Kamo
  39. [2009.05.13] Shouganai Yume Oibito
  40. [2009.08.12] Nanchatte Ren'ai
  41. [2009.10.28] Kimagure Princess
  42. [2010.02.10] Onna ga Medatte Naze Ikenai
  43. [2010.06.09] Seishun Collection
  44. [2010.11.17] Onna to Otoko no Lullaby Game
  45. [2011.04.06] Maji Desu ka Ska!
  46. [2011.06.15] Only you
  47. [2011.09.14] Kono Chikyuu no Heiwa wo Honki de Negatterun da yo!
  48. [2012.01.25] Pyocopyoco Ultra
  49. [2012.04.11] Ren'ai Hunter
  50. [2012.07.04] One・Two・Three / The Matenrou Show
  51. [2012.10.10] Wakuteka Take a chance
  52. [2013.01.23] Help me!!
  53. [2013.04.17] Brainstorming / Kimi Sae Ireba Nani mo Iranai
  54. [2013.08.28] Wagamama Ki no Mama Ai no Joke / Ai no Gundan
  55. [2014.01.29] Egao no Kimi wa Taiyou sa / Kimi no Kawari wa Iyashinai / What is LOVE?
  56. [2014.04.16] Toki wo Koe Sora wo Koe / Password is 0
  57. [2014.10.15] TIKI BUN / Shabadaba Doo~ / Mikaeri Bijin
  58. [2015.04.15] Seishun Kozou ga Naiteiru / Yuugure wa Ameagari / Ima Koko Kara
  59. [2015.08.19] Oh my wish! / Sukatto My Heart / Imasugu Tobikomu Yuuki
  60. [2015.12.29] Tsumetai Kaze to Kataomoi / ENDLESS SKY / One and Only
  61. [2016.05.11] Utakata Saturday Night! / The Vision / Tokyo to Iu Katasumi
  62. [2016.11.23] Sexy Cat no Enzetsu / Mukidashi de Mukiatte / Sou ja nai
  63. [2017.03.08] BRAND NEW MORNING / Jealousy Jealousy
  64. [2017.10.04] Jama Shinai de Here We Go! / Dokyuu no Go Sign / Wakain da shi!
  65. [2018.06.13] Are you Happy? / A gonna
  66. [2018.10.24] Furari Ginza / Jiyuu na Kuni Dakara
  67. [2019.06.12] Jinsei Blues / Seishun Night
  68. [2020.01.22] KOKORO&KARADA / LOVEpedia / Ningen Kankei No way way
  69. [2020.12.16] Junjou Evidence / Gyuusaretai Dake na no ni
  70. [2021.12.08] Teenage Solution / Yoshi Yoshi Shite Hoshii no / Beat no Wakusei
  71. [2022.04.09] Chu Chu Chu Bokura no Mirai / Dai・Jinsei Never Been Better!
Demo Singles
  1. [1997.11.03] Ai no Tane
Digital Singles
Collaboration Singles
Other Singles

Digital Songs
  1. [2021.12.14] Joshi Kashimashi Monogatari (Morning Musume '21 Ver.)
  2. [2022.03.18] I WISH

Compilation Albums
  • [2000.04.26] Petit Best ~Ki Ao Aka~ (#8 LOVE Machine (analog remix), #9 Koi no Dance Site (PANDART SASANOOOHA Remix))
  • [2001.12.19] Petit Best 2 ~3・7・10~ (#8 Ren'ai Revolution 21 (Chou Chou Chou cool remix))
  • [2002.10.30] CLUB Hello! TRANCE REMIX (#1 The☆Peace! (TRANCE REMIX), #5 DANCE suru no da! (TRANCE REMIX), #7 Furusato (TRANCE REMIX), #8 Ikimasshoi! (TRANCE REMIX), #10 LOVE Machine (TRANCE REMIX), #11 Ren'ai Revolution 21 (TRANCE REMIX), #13 Daite HOLD ON ME! (TRANCE REMIX), #14 Do it! Now (TRANCE REMIX))
  • [2002.12.18] Petit Best 3 (#4 Do it! Now (CRAZY SODA REMIX))
  • [2003.12.17] Petit Best 4 (#17 Shabondama (asia mix))
  • [2004.12.22] Petit Best 5 (#2 Roman ~MY DEAR BOY~ (Let's Have a Dance Remix))
  • [2005.12.21] Petit Best 6 (#2 Iroppoi Jirettai, #15 Chokkan ~Toki to Shite Koi wa~ (LIVE Ver.), #16 HELP!! ~Ecomoni no Acchii Chikyuu wo Samasunda.~ 2005 - Ecomoni & Morning Musume)
  • [2006.12.20] Petit Best 7 (#1 Morning Musume Mega Mix 30 (Radio Edit), #17 Ready Go! - Morning Musume, DEF.DIVA, Berryz Koubou)
  • [2007.12.12] Petit Best 8 (#2 Kanashimi Twilight)
  • [2008.12.10] Petit Best 9 (#1 Resonant Blue)
  • [2009.12.02] Petit Best 10 (#1 Shouganai Yume Oibito)
  • [2010.12.15] Petit Best 11 (#1 Onna ga Medatte Naze Ikenai, #11 Ramen Revolution 2010 Long Type)
  • [2011.12.21] Petit Best 12 (#1 Busu ni Naranai Tetsugaku - Hello! Project Mobekimasu, #3 Maji Desu ka Ska!, #4 Only you, #5 Jishin Motte Yume wo Motte Tobitatsu Kara - Takahashi Ai)
  • [2012.12.05] Petit Best 13 (#1 Ren'ai Hunter, #2 One•Two•Three, #14 Egao ni Namida ~THANK YOU! DEAR MY FRIENDS~ - Niigaki Risa, #16 The Matenrou Show (TYPE 0))
  • [2013.12.11] Petit Best 14 (#1 Help me!!, #2 Wagamama Ki no Mama Ai no Joke, #10 Rock no Teigi)
  • [2014.01.01] Hello! Project no Zenkyoku kara Atsumechaimashita! Vol. 1 (#1 Egao YES Nude (Album Mix), #6 Popcorn Love!, #8 Aki Urara, #11 Nebou desu. Date na no ni..., #17 The Matenrou Show (TYPE 0)) (limited release)
  • [2014.01.01] Hello! Project no Zenkyoku kara Atsumechaimashita! Vol. 2 (#4 Rikaishite > Onna no Ko, #14 Lalala no Pipipi , #19 Kimagure Zetsubou Arigatou) (limited release)
  • [2014.12.10] Petit Best 15 (#1 Kimi no Kawari wa Iyashinai, #2 Password is 0, #11 Shabadaba Doo~ - Michishige Sayumi, #16 Eli, Eli, Lema Sabachthani? (Kanzenban) - Morning Musume '14 x S/mileage)
  • [2015.12.16] Petit Best 16 (#5 Yuugure wa Ameagari, #6 Sukatto My Heart, #16 Triangle Alpha)
  • [2016.12.14] Petit Best 17 (#2 Utakata Saturday Night!, #11 Utakata Saturday Night! (Kawanabe Hiroshi REMIX), #14 Higashi no Chihei, Nishi no Towa)
  • [2017.12.13] Petit Best 18 (#3 BRAND NEW MORNING, #13 Pharaoh no Haka)
  • [2018.12.12] Petit Best 19 (#3 Hana ga Saku Taiyou Abite, #4 Are you Happy?)
  • [2020.01.08] Petit Best 20 2020 (Disc 1 #3, #4, #5, #7, #8, #10, #12; Disc 2 #3, #4, #8, #15; Disc 3 #6, #10, #11, #16, #17, #18)


Main article: Morning Musume/Publications

Concert Photobooks
Stage Photobooks
  • [2001.05.01] Morning Musume Document Shashinshuu "THE LOVE CENTURY" (モーニング娘。ドキュメント写真集『THE LOVE CENTURY』)
  • [2002.08.01] Morning Musume Musical Shashinshuu "Morning Town" (モーニング娘。ミュージカル写真集『モーニング・タウン』)

  • [2000] Morning Musume 2001nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2001年 カレンダー)
  • [2001] Morning Musume 2002nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2002年 カレンダー)
  • [2002] Morning Musume 2003nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2003年 カレンダー)
  • [2003.11.30] Morning Musume 2004nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2004年 カレンダー)
  • [2004.12.10] Morning Musume 2005nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2005年 カレンダー)
  • [2005.09.21] Morning Musume 2006nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2006年 カレンダー)
  • [2006.09.21] Morning Musume 2007nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2007年 カレンダー)
  • [2007.09.24] Morning Musume 2008nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2008年 カレンダー)
  • [2008.10.13] Morning Musume 2009nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2009年 カレンダー)
  • [2009.10.14] Morning Musume 2010nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2010年 カレンダー)
  • [2010.09.22] Morning Musume 2011nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2011年 カレンダー)
  • [2011.10.05] Morning Musume 2012nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2012年 カレンダー)
  • [2012.09.22] Morning Musume 2013nen Calendar (モーニング娘。2013年 カレンダー)
  • [2014.11.15] Morning Musume '15 2015nen Calendar (モーニング娘。’15 2015年 カレンダー)
  • [2015.09.11] Morning Musume '16 Calendar (モーニング娘。’16 2016年 カレンダー)
  • [2016.09.24] Morning Musume '17 Calendar 2017 (モーニング娘。’17 カレンダー2017)
  • [2017.10.05] Morning Musume '18 2018nendo Takujou Calendar (モーニング娘。’18 2018年度卓上カレンダー)
  • [2018.xx.xx] Morning Musume '19 2019 Takujou Calendar (モーニング娘。'19 2019卓上カレンダー)
  • [2018.xx.xx] Morning Musume '19 A3 Size Calendar (モーニング娘。'19 A3サイズカレンダー)
  • [2019.09.21] Morning Musume '20 Takujou Calendar (モーニング娘。’20 卓上カレンダー)

  • [2001] Morning Musume Heart Drops
  • [2001-2004] Musume Monogatari
  • [2002] Roripoppu de pamuppun
  • [2004] Two Top
  • [2004] Moving
  • [2005] Enjoy~gag Asu to rai na

  • [1999.05.31] ASAYAN PRESENTS "Morning Musume 5+3-1" (ASAYAN PRESENTS 「モーニング娘。5+3-1」)
  • [1999.10.13] Morning Musume 5+3-1 (Takarajima Shabunko) (モーニング娘。5+3-1 (宝島社文庫))
  • [2000.05.??] Morning Musume wo Oi Kakero! - Eiga "Pinch Runner" Koushiki Making Book (モーニング娘。を追いかけろ!―映画『ピンチランナー』公式メイキング・ブック)
  • [2000.11.25] Morning Musume no Heso Fanbook (モーニング娘。のへそ ファンブック)
  • [2002.07.18] Hakoiri Musume (ハコイリ娘。)
  • [2002.09.06] Morning Musume Mahou no Heart (モーニング娘。魔法のハート)
  • [2002.09.27] Morning Musume x Tsunku♂ (モーニング娘。×つんく♂)
  • [2002.12.04] Morning Musume + Hello! Project Kids + Goto Maki in the Movie Koinu Dan no Monogatari (モーニング娘。+ハロー!プロジェクト・キッズ+後藤真希インザムービー 仔犬ダンの物語)
  • [2003.01.01] Momusu Uranai (モー娘。占い)
  • [2004.06.??] Morning Musume to "Sotokoto" no Acchii Chikyu wo Samasunda Daisakusen (モーニング娘。と「ソトコト」の熱っちい地球を冷ますんだっ。大作戦!)
  • [2005.03.25] Morning Musume x Tsunku♂ 2 (モーニング娘。×つんく♂ 2)
  • [2007.10.??] Morning Musume Tanjou 10nen Kinen Hon 1997-2007 (モーニング娘。誕生10年記念本―1997-2007)
  • [2008.06.30] Morning Musume no Kantan! Chuugokugo Book (モーニング娘。のかんたん!中国語Book)
  • [2015.01.20] Morning Musume '14 BOOK "Sayumin no... Oshiete Kouhai!" (モーニング娘。'14BOOK 『さゆみんの… おしえてこうはい!』)
  • [2017.12.11] Morning Musume '17 Shijou Drama "Haikei, Haru-senpai! ~Higashi-Azabu Koukou Hakusho~"
  • [2018.06.19] Morning Musume 20 Shuunen Kinen Official Book
  • Featured in


  • [1997-2002] ASAYAN
  • [1999-2002] Idol wo Sagase! 
  • [2000-2000] Morning Musume no Heso 
  • [2000-2007] Hello! Morning 
  • [2002] Morning Musume Tsuushin (モーニング娘。通信)
  • [2003] Sexy Onnajyuku (セクシー女塾)
  • [2003] Soreyuke! Gorokkies (それゆけ!ゴロッキーズ)
  • [2004] Futarigoto (二人ゴト) 
  • [2005] Musume Document 2005 (娘。ドキュメント2005)
  • [2005-2006] Musume DOKYU! (娘DOKYU!)
  • [2006-2006] Musume DOKYU! Eruda Yonchoume no Hitobito (娘DOKYU!~絵流田4丁目の人々~)
  • [2006-2008] Uta Doki! Pop Classics 
  • [2007-2008] Haromoni@ 
  • [2008-2009] Yorosen! 
  • [2009-2010] Bijo Houdan 
  • [2010-2011] Bijo Gaku 
  • [2011-2012] Hello Pro! TIME 
  • [2012-2013] Hello! SATOYAMA Life 
  • [2014-2019] The Girls Live
  • [2019-2020] AI・DOL PROJECT
  • [2020] Hello! Project presents... "Solo Fes!" (Hello!Project presents…「ソロフェス!」)
  • [2021] Hello! Project presents... "Solo Fes! 2" (Hello!Project presents…「ソロフェス!2」)

  • [1998.09.30] Morning Cop ~Daite HOLD ON ME!~ (モーニング刑事。~抱いてHOLD ON ME!~)
  • [2001.02.21] Pinch Runner (ピンチランナー)
  • [2002.03.15] Nama Tamago (ナマタマゴ)
  • [2002.07.17] Tokkaekko (とっかえっ娘)
  • [2002.12.31] Hamtaro the Movie 2 (劇場版とっとこハム太郎 ハムハムハムージャ!幻のプリンセス, Gekijo-ban Tottoko Hamutaro Ham-Ham Hamuja Maboroshi no Princess)
  • [2003.06.21] Koinu Dan no Monogatari (仔犬ダンの物語)
  • [2011.02.05] Keitai Deka The Movie 3: Morning Musume Kyuushutsu Daisakusen! ~ Pandora no Hako no Himitsu~ (ケータイ刑事 THE MOVIE3 モーニング娘。救出大作戦!~パンドラの箱の秘密)
  • [2011.11.12] Sharehouse (シェアハウス)

  • [2002.12.28] Ore ga Aitsu de Aitsu ga Ore de (おれがあいつであいつがおれで) - Yoshizawa Hitomi, Konno Asami, Takahashi Ai, Niigaki Risa, Ogawa Makoto, Ishikawa Rika
  • [2002] Angel Hearts - Abe Natsumi, Tsuji Nozomi, Kago Ai, Konno Asami, Takahashi Ai, Niigaki Risa, Ogawa Makoto
  • [2010.01.15] Hanbun Esper (半分エスパー)
  • [2012] Suugaku♥Joshi Gakuen (数学♥女子学園)
  • [2016.04.08] Sono "Okodawari", Watashi ni mo Kure yo!! - Morning Musume '16

  • [2006] Hello Pro Hour (ハロプロアワー)
  • [2013–] Hello! Project Station
  • [2014–2016] MUSIC+
  • [2015–2016] GREEN ROOM
  • [2016–] Upcoming
  • [2016–2017] Girls Night Out
  • [2017–] tiny tiny
  • [2018–] OMAKE CHANNEL
  • [2018] Hello Pro no Monohon!
  • [2019–2020] Hello Pro no Oshigoto Challenge
  • [2019] Hello Pro Kouhaku Taiko THE☆BATTLE 2019
  • [2019–2020] Hello Pro ONE×ONE

  • Milestones[]

    • Kohaku Uta Gassen youngest participant – 12 year old Kago Ai from December 31, 2000 (51st) until December 31, 2007, when Hagiwara Mai of ℃-ute at age 11, broke that 7-year record.
    • Ninth generation members, Sayashi Riho and Suzuki Kanon, are the first members who joined and were born after the group's formation in 1997.
    • All of their singles except for Morning Coffee, Mikan, Onna to Otoko no Lullaby Game have ranked in the Oricon Weekly Singles Top 5.
    • Kudo Haruka is the youngest person to ever join Morning Musume at the age of 11 (one month from being 12) and auditioning at age 11. She beat Kago Ai's record which was set at the age of 12.
    • Fukumura Mizuki is the youngest member to become sub-leader at 16.
    • Fukumura Mizuki is the youngest member to become leader of Morning Musume at the age of 18, thus breaking Iida Kaori's record.
    • Oricon – Most consecutive number one singles by a female group in Japan (AKB48 Broke their Record)
    • Oricon – Most Top 10 singles by a female group in Japan
    • Oricon – Most number one singles by a female group in Japan, beating the previous record set by Pink Lady.
    • Oricon – Best single selling female group in Japan—18,067,949 copies sold, becoming their fifth Oricon record.
    • Oricon – Most consecutive Top 10 singles by a female group in Japan.
    • Oricon – First girl group to have their songs put a No. 1 ranking in three consecutive decades. (1990's 2000's and 2010's)[194]
    • Longest active girl group in Japan.


    • Morning Musume is currently the 10th best selling girl group in the world.
    • According to MADAME NOIRE they are in #8 for the Best-Selling Girl Groups of all time, as of October 17, 2011.
    • They are the most requested act from the J-MELO Team.
    • The average age of the group after the addition of the 15th generation is 20.07 years old.
    • During their time on the talent show ASAYAN (1997-2000), the show created a battle between them and Suzuki Ami to see who placed highest on the charts and who sold the most copies of their singles and albums for each release they had.
    • Their sub-group Petitmoni was the only sub-group from Morning Musume to debut at #1 and sell more than 1,000,000 copies.
    • Fukumura Mizuki was the first former Hello Pro Kenshuusei to become sub-leader and current leader of Morning Musume, she was also the youngest leader the group has ever had.
    • Fukuda Asuka and Goto Maki sang solo lines in every A-side of the singles since their debut until their graduation.
    • 1st generation member Fukuda Asuka is the only former member that has never participated in any type of unit or subgroup during her time in Hello! Project.
    • Fujimoto Miki is the only Morning Musume leader not to be leader within a single.
    • To date, 4 songs reached more than a million sold copies ("LOVE Machine," "Koi no Dance Site," "Happy Summer Wedding," and "Ren'ai Revolution 21").
    • Girls' Generation member Sooyoung is a fan of Morning Musume. Sooyoung and SNSD members Jessica, Tiffany, and Taeyeon have gone to a Morning Musume concert in Korea in the past.
    • As of July 2016, their official YouTube channel has 220,000,000+ channel views, 230,000+ subscribers, 35 videos with 1,000,000+ views, 10 videos with 2,000,000+ views, 9 videos with 3,000,000+ views, 5 videos with 4,000,000+ views, 1 video with 5,000,000+ views, 1 video with 6,000,000+ views, 2 videos with 7,000,000+ views, and 1 video with 9,000,000+ views.[195]
    • Korean group After School are fans of Morning Musume and were described by Pledis Entertainment as the "South Korean Morning Musume".
    • Yasuda Kei and Iikubo Haruna are the only sub-leaders to have never become leader.
    • Michishige Sayumi, along with Iida Kaori, are the only leaders to have never been sub-leaders.
    • They are the second group in Hello! Project to release a triple A-side single, the first being Juice=Juice.
    • Ikuta Erina and Ishida Ayumi are the only members born in the same year as the year the group was formed in 1997.
    • 2008 and 2020 are the only full years during which no members were added and no members graduated.
    • 2011 is the only year during which two generations were added, the 9th and 10th generations.
    • All of the 12th generation members wear glasses.
    • Morning Musume '15 was the first lineup in which there were 4 full generations (meaning no generation is missing members due to graduation) in the group at the same time.
      • Morning Musume '17 (With Kudo Haruka and Morito Chisaki) is the first and currently the only lineup in which there are 5 full generations in the group at the same time, the generations in question are 10th-14th.
    • Fukuda Asuka was the first and youngest member to graduate. She also has the shortest tenure in the entire group.
    • Currently all members beside Yamazaki Mei are either type A or O blood.
    • The 14th Generation marks the first time in the history of the group to have 6 Generations in the group at the same time (9th-14th).
    • The 15th Generation marks the first time in the history of the group to have 7 Generations in the group at the same time (9th-15th).


    • [1998.12.31] 40th Japan Record Awards - Best New Artist[16]
    • [1999.03] The Japan Gold Disc Award 1999 - New Artist of the Year Award[18]
    • [2013.09] Billboard Japan Music Awards 2013 - Active Artist of the Year 2013[196]


    Not to be mistaken with shuffles units or other separate groups of Hello! Project.

    Splinter Groups[]


    Total Sales Count[]

    Year Yearly Group Sales Yearly Collab Sales Total Sales
    1997 50,000 0 50,000
    1998 1,466,860 0 1,516,860
    1999 3,367,161 0 4,884,021
    2000 5,689,222 0 10,573,243
    2001 3,951,718 0 14,524,961
    2002 1,961,143 0 16,486,104
    2003 1,153,935 31,628 17,671,667
    2004 907,593 61,440 18,640,700
    2005 488,144 0 19,128,844
    2006 357,373 0 19,486,217
    2007 391,759 0 19,877,976
    2008 189,828 0 20,067,804
    2009 308,767 0 20,376,571
    2010 226,653 0 20,603,224
    2011 200,989 58,924 20,863,137
    2012 320,955 0 21,184,092
    2013 410,310 0 21,594,402
    2014 502,154 6,923 22,103,479
    2015 258,122 0 22,361,601
    2016 380,131 0 22,741,732
    2017 209,269 0 22,951,001
    2018 303,947 0 23,254,948
    2019 168,468 0 23,423,416
    2020 255,604 0 23,679,020
    2021 0+ 0+ TBA
    2022 0+ 0+ TBA


    1. ^ The actual date of Morning Musume's formation is September 7, but the group celebrates their anniversary on September 14, which is the day their name was first announced on ASAYAN.[197]


    1. "モーニング娘。'14『結成17年目★再評価のワケとは? 2014年はさらなる“勝負”へ』" (in Japanese). ORICON NEWS. 2014-01-29.
    2. 2.0 2.1 "つんく♂衝撃の初告白!ハロプロのプロデューサー“卒業していた”" (in Japanese). Sankei Sports. 2015-09-09.
    3. 3.0 3.1 Sayashi Riho. "NHKさんで!鞘師里保" (in Japanese). Morning Musume Qki Official Blog. 2015-09-12.
    4. "【オリコン】AKB48、女性グループ歴代1位 シングル総売上1178.7万枚" (in Japanese). ORICON STYLE. 2012-01-06.
    5. "【オリコン】モー娘。最新シングル初登場1位 「TOP10入り作品数」歴代記録65作に更新 " (in Japanese). ORICON NEWS. 2018-06-19.
    6. "モー娘。、20周年ベストで16年ぶり1位 女性グループ歴代記録更新「つんく♂さんのおかげ」【オリコンランキング】" (in Japanese). ORICON NEWS. 2019-03-25.
    7. 7.0 7.1 Robert Michael Poole. "Anime conventions still set trends." The Japan Times. 2009-06-26 (Archived 2014-01-16).
    8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Robert Michael Poole. ""Morning Musume not ready to graduate yet." The Japan Times. 2009-03-13.
    9. "平家充代(18)大決定!!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1997-08-31. (Archived)
    10. "新展開突入!!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1997-09-07. (Archived)
    11. 11.0 11.1 "モーニング娘。" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1997-09-14. (Archived)
    12. "「愛の種」明日発売!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1997-11-02. (Archived)
    13. "11/30ナゴヤ球場「愛の種」完売までの道!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1997-12-07. (Archived)
    14. "モーニング娘。初登場6位!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1998-02-08. (Archived)
    15. "モーニング娘。初登場6位!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1998-02-08. (Archived)
    16. 16.0 16.1 "歴代受賞者一覧" (in Japanese). TBS Television.
    17. "NHK紅白歌合戦ヒストリー" (in Japanese). NHK.
    18. 18.0 18.1 "第13回日本ゴールドディスク大賞 / Gold Disc Hall of Fame 13th" (in Japanese). THE GOLD DISC.
    19. "日本のレコード産業1999年版" (in Japanese). PDF.
    20. "新メンバー2名追加大決定、緊急大募集!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1999-06-27. (Archived)
    21. "最終候補者決定!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1999-07-04. (Archived)
    22. "後藤真希、新メンバーに決定!!" (in Japanese). ASAYAN. 1999-08-22. (Archived)
    23. "ランキング特集『オリコン首位獲得シングル1000曲(1968~2007)』" (in Japanese). ORICON STYLE. 2007-02-21.
    24. "改めて思ったよね" (in Japanese). Goto Maki Official Blog. 2015-05-30.
    25. "モーニング娘。第9期メンバー決定!!" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2011-01-02.
    26. Fukumura Mizuki. "譜久村聖に関するお知らせ" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2011-01-07.
    27. "モーニング娘。10期メンバー 決定!" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2011-09-30.
    28. "道重さゆみ : モー娘。8代目リーダーに就任" (in Japanese). MANTAN WEB. 2012-05-18.
    29. "道重さゆみ、モー娘。新リーダーに就任 “自過剰キャラ”でも「さすがに不安」" (in Japanese). ORICON NEWS. 2012-05-19.
    30. "STAGE REPORT" (in Japanese). GirlsAward 2012 Spring/Summer. 2012.
    31. "モーニング娘。田中れいな、「おつかれいな!」と笑顔でグループ卒業" (in Japanese). My Navi News. 2013-05-22.
    32. "モー娘。道重さゆみ、浅田真央をリスペクト!「表現力やパワーは勉強になります」" (in Japanese). Crank-in!. 2013-10-30.
    33. 33.0 33.1 "モーニング娘。に関してのお知らせ" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2013-12-06.
    34. http://www.nhk.or.jp/j-melo/nhkworld/english/new_song_project/index.html
    35. Ohama Minoru, Michishige Sayumi, Tsunku. "モーニング娘。'14 道重さゆみに関するお知らせ" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2014-04-29.
    36. "モーニング娘。'14・道重さゆみ、卒業を発表" (in Japanese). BARKS. 2014-04-29.
    37. "モーニング娘。'14道重さゆみ、秋ツアーを最後に卒業" (in Japanese). Natalie. 2014-04-29.
    38. "モー娘。道重さゆみが卒業を発表「次の世代にバトンタッチ」" (in Japanese). Oricon Style. 2014-04-29.
    39. "つんく♂、道重の卒業“美学”に親心 「彼女の卒業までさらなる応援を」と呼びかけ" (in Japanese). Oricon Style. 2014-04-29.
    40. "道重さゆみがモー娘。卒業を発表! 今秋の単独ツアー最終日で" (in Japanese). SANSPO. 2014-04-29.
    41. 41.0 41.1 "モーニング娘。道重、11月の横アリで卒業" (in Japanese). Natalie.mu. 2014-08-16.
    42. http://www.fujitv.co.jp/thebigchance/index.html?45077
    43. http://tokyogirlsupdate.com/moning-musume-og-gather-20150648959.html
    44. "モーニング娘。'15 鞘師里保に関するお知らせ" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2015-10-29.
    45. http://www.fujitv.co.jp/FNS/2015/contents02.html
    46. "AKB48・乃木坂46・ももクロ・モー娘。ら、夢のビッグコラボが実現" (in Japanese). modelpress. 2015-12-08.
    47. "モー娘。’15、全編英語詞曲に挑戦「ワクワク」" (in Japanese). ORICON STYLE. 2015-09-17.
    48. "New audition for Morning Musume。’16 announced!" UP-FRONT LINK. 2016-01-02
    49. "モーニング娘。’16 鈴木香音に関するお知らせ" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2016-02-07.
    50. Concerning Kanon Suzuki from Morning Musume。’16. UP-FRONT LINK. 2016-02-06.
    51. "モー娘。’16鈴木香音 アイドル最後の日「私は世界一幸せ者です!!」" (in Japanese). Dwango.jp News. 2016-05-31.
    52. "6・29『テレ東音楽祭(3)』第1弾出演者発表" (in Japanese). ORICON STYLE. 2016-06-13.
    53. "日テレ「THE MUSIC DAY」に欅坂46、水カン、セカオワ、星野源ら" (in Japanese). natalie. 2016-06-04.
    54. http://www.tbs.co.jp/cdtv/sp_summer2016/
    55. "FNS「うたの夏まつり」に三代目JSB、セカオワ、Perfume、星野源ら" (in Japanese). natalie. 2016-06-18.
    56. "モーニング娘。'16 第13期メンバー決定!" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2016-12-12.
    57. "2 new members for Morning Musume。13th generation!" UP-FRONT LINK. 2016-12-12.
    58. "モーニング娘。13期メンバーに横山玲奈と加賀楓が加入。'17から13人体制に" (in Japanese). BARKS. 2016-12-12.
    59. "「フジテレビ系列『2016FNS歌謡祭 第2夜』」にモーニング娘。'16、℃-uteの出演決定!" (in Japanese). Hello! Project. 2016-11-19.
    60. "『FNS歌謡祭』2週連続8時間半超え生放送 嵐、三代目JSBら総勢110組以上集結" (in Japanese). ORICON STYLE. 2016-11-19.
    61. "「CDTV」年越し特番に三代目、Perfumeら20組追加、番組MCはピコ太郎" (in Japanese). natalie. 2016-12-25.
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